The forest fire may be avoided if a reliable technology could be built up in forest areas to detect fires and warning to firefighting authorities, who will be available to take the prompt action. Through a network of low-cost sensors, the solution intends to anticipate the environmental conditions conducive to the occurrence of fires and to detect them at the beginning.
Thus, a smart forest alert monitoring system has been proposed in this solution to avoid forest mishap over by automated self-decision-making protective actions such as parameter measures and alert and implementing the harm mitigation actions related to the hot temperature, CO2 , humidity, smoke, and smuggling of trees. With real-time monitoring, the alerts generated by the system will improve the response time, so as to protect the economic and natural value of private property.
The Milesight partner process establishment of LoRaWAN® wireless coverage at the areas where the sensors must be deployed, as well as the installation of LoRaWAN® battery powered environment monitoring sensors at the forest areas indicated by the customer. After installing the LoRaWAN® Gateway, the LoRaWAN® network can help to perform a coverage study that indicated the required coverage is provided. The Milesight EM500-CO2 sensor deployed at the forests will detect and measure the critical parameters that indicates the happening of fire.
The data will be forwarded to the IoT-based platform that is able to store, analyze and presents further reports and information for the operators. The platform also performs post-data analysis running a fire probability algorithm (fire index) resulting in the probability of fire at any given time of the day. If the fire index exceeds the pre-defined thresholds an alert is generated and the authorities are notified to respond to the incident.
All the sensors work as per the algorithm designed by the specific application of IoT (Internet of Things). The accurate predictions of the forest fire events and ensuring the forest safety have been tested and verified by a conducted solution on the real forest zone environment.
The growing contribution that local are making to these solutions further emphasises the importance of advanced technologies to the future of forests protection.
Highlights of the Smart Forest Solution
The suite of IoT tools including a Cloud based platform and mobile devices applications are being used in the project providing:
- Storage of Data.
- Presentation of Data.
- Post-Data Analysis generating the “Fire Index” which refers to the probability of fire deriving from the collected measurements from each sensor (Ambient Temperature, Ambient Humidity, Barometric Pressure and CO2).
- Generation of alerts when the “Fire Index” exceeds the pre-defined thresholds.
- Notify the system admins and user when an alert is generated through Email, SMS and Push Notifications.